IIHS-HLDI homeVehicle RatingsHave we tested your car?Safety FactsAbout the InstitutesEducational VideosFrequently Asked QuestionsSite Map/SearchPublications

Photo comparison: highest vs. lowest ratedPhotos: Highest vs. Lowest Rated

CAUTION: The kinetic energy a vehicle must absorb in a crash test increases with vehicle weight, so barrier tests are more demanding of heavier vehicles. But people in heavier vehicles in real-world, 2-vehicle crashes typically fare better than people in lighter vehicles (in many single-vehicle crashes, weight offers no safety advantage). This is why test results shouldn't be compared among vehicles with large weight differences.

Frontal offset crash details: measures of occupant compartment intrusion and injury measures

PDF of this summary

Crashworthiness Evaluations:
MIDSIZE UTILITY VEHICLES

Crashworthiness refers to how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash, and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated aspects of the crashworthiness of 14 midsize utility vehicle designs representing 20 current models.

Each vehicle's crashworthiness evaluation is based on performance in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test. Ratings depend on how well the structure/safety cage protects the occupant compartment, the risk of injury measured for an average-size male, and how well the restraint system controls occupant movement. Rankings of vehicles with similar overall crash test ratings are based on how well head restraints and bumpers are designed to prevent neck injuries in rear-end crashes and property damage in low-speed crashes.

Click on the vehicle names below for detailed test performance including photographs taken during and after the crash.

CURRENT MODELS:
Vehicle make/model
Model year(s)
Test vehicle weight
FRONTAL OFFSET CRASH TEST PERFORMANCE OTHER EVALUATIONS
Overall Structure/
safety
cage
Injury measures Restraints/
dummy
kinematics
Head
restraint
design
Bumpers
Head/
neck
Chest Leg/foot
left, right
best pick

BMW X5
2001 models
4,665 lbs.
G G G G
G G
G M A
best pick
MERCEDES M CLASS
1999-2001 models
4,445 lbs.
G G A G
G G
G A M
best pick LEXUS RX 300
1999-2001 models
3,973 lbs.
G A G G GG G A P
TOYOTA 4RUNNER
1998-2001 models
3,942 lbs.
G A G G GA G MP
depends on seat
P
MITSUBISHI MONTERO
2001 models
4,788 lbs.
A G A G MG M A P
NISSAN XTERRA
2000-01 models
4,162 lbs.
A G A G GM M A P
LAND ROVER DISCOVERY
SERIES II

1999-2001 models
4,707 lbs.
A A G G PA A

 M

P
FORD EXPLORER
1995-2001 models
4,255 lbs
MERCURY MOUNTAINEER
1997-2001 models
A A A G GG P P P
DODGE DURANGO
1998-2001 models
4,844 lbs.
A A G G PG M P P
JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE
1999-2001 models
3,968 lbs.
M M G G MA M P P
NISSAN PATHFINDER/
INFINITI QX4

1997-2001 models
4,191 lbs.
M P A G GG M AM
depends on seat
P
ISUZU TROOPER
2000-01 models
4,398 lbs.
M A A G PP M A P
ISUZU RODEO/
HONDA PASSPORT

2000-01 models
4,010 lbs.
P G P G PA M A P
CHEVROLET BLAZER/GMC JIMMY
1995-2001 models
4,103 lbs.
OLDSMOBILE BRAVADA
1996-2001 models
GMC ENVOY
1998-2001 models
P P P G GA P GAP
depends on seat
P

EARLIER DESIGNS:
Vehicle make/model
Model year(s)
Test vehicle weight
FRONTAL OFFSET CRASH TEST PERFORMANCE OTHER EVALUATIONS
Overall Structure/
safety
cage
Injury measures Restraints/
dummy
kinematics
Head
restraint
design
Bumpers
Head/
neck
Chest Leg/foot
left, right

TOYOTA 4RUNNER
1996-97 models
3,942 lbs.
A A G G
G A
G P P
LAND ROVER DISCOVERY
1994-98 models
4,434
lbs.
A A A G GA G MP
depends on seat
P
MITSUBISHI MONTERO
1996-2000 models
4,400 lbs.
A A A G GG M G P
JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE
1996-98 models
3,805 lbs.
M A G G PP G P P
MITSUBISHI MONTERO SPORT
1997-2000 models
4,156 lbs.
P M G G PP P MP
depends on seat
P
ISUZU RODEO/
HONDA PASSPORT

1996-97 models
4,158 lbs.
P P G G PP M P P

back to top

©2001, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute
Last modified:
09-Nov-2000pa