Knowledge Systems Laboratory
Abstract: "An Axiomatic Semantics for RDF, RDF Schema, and DAML+OIL"
Richard Fikes and
Deborah L. McGuinness.
``An Axiomatic Semantics for RDF, RDF Schema, and DAML+OIL''
KSL Technical Report KSL-01-01, 2001.
This document provides an axiomatization for the Resource Description
Framework (RDF), RDF Schema (RDF-S), and DAML+OIL by specifying a mapping of a
set of descriptions in any one of these languages into a logical theory
expressed in first-order predicate calculus. The basic claim of this
paper is that the logical theory produced by the mapping specified herein
of a set of such descriptions is logically equivalent to the intended
meaning of that set of descriptions.
Providing a means of translating RDF, RDF-S, and DAML+OIL descriptions into
a first-order predicate calculus logical theory not only specifies the
intended meaning of the descriptions, but also produces a representation
of the descriptions from which inferences can automatically be made using
traditional automatic theorem provers and problem solvers. For example,
the DAML+OIL axioms enable a reasoner to infer from the
two statements "Class Male and class Female are disjointWith." and
"John is type Male." that the statement "John is type Female." is false.
The mapping into predicate calculus consists of a simple rule for
statements into first-order relational sentences and a set of first-order
logic axioms that restrict the allowable interpretations of the non-logical
symbols (i.e., relations, functions, and constants) in each language.
are both vocabularies of non-logical symbols added to RDF, the translation of
RDF statements is sufficient for translating RDF Schema and DAML+OIL as well.
The axioms are written in ANSI Knowledge Interchange Format (
KIF)), which is a proposed ANSI standard.
The full paper is available in
This replaces the previous axiomatic semantics for DAML-ONT which is available
Selected Papers of Deborah L. McGuinness.